Gandhi "Not peace at any price, but love at all costs. Strong and courageous people whose effective movements resulted, respectively, in Indian independence from decades of British rule, and the initial steps toward freeing African-Americans from decades of discrimination. Such well-known cases notwithstanding, most of us tend to think of nonviolence as ineffectual, the weapon of the weak.
A chain of protests, sit-ins, and strikes by millions of Egyptians starting January 25, eventually led to the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak on February In late January, Jamal al-Hajji, a writer, political commentator and accountant, "call[ed] on the Internet for demonstrations to be held in support of greater freedoms in Libya" inspired by the Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions.
He was arrested on 1 February by plain-clothes police officers, and charged on 3 February with injuring someone with his car.
Amnesty International stated that because al-Hajji had previously been imprisoned for his non-violent political opinions, the real reason for the present arrest appeared to be his call for demonstrations. Security forces responded with a harsh crackdown, arresting thousands of dissidents and killing hundreds of protesters.
Peaceful protests were largely crushed by the army or subsided as rebels and Islamist fighters took up arms against the government, leading to a full-blown rebellion against the Assad regime.
The government responded harshly, killing four protesters camping in Pearl Roundabout. Later, protesters were allowed to reoccupy the roundabout where they staged large marches amounting toparticipants.
On 14 March, Saudi -led GCC forces were requested by the government and entered the country, which the opposition called an "occupation". The following day, a state of emergency was declared and protests paused after a brutal crackdown was launched against protesters, including doctors and bloggers.
Nearly 3, people have been arrested, and at least five people died due to torture while in police custody. Protests resumed after lifting emergency law on 1 June, and several large rallies were staged by the opposition parties, including a march on 9 March attended by overSmaller-scale protests and clashes outside of the capital have continued to occur almost daily.
More than 80 people had died since the start of the uprising.If necessary, we take nonviolent direct action to force the opponent to deal with the issue and resolve the injustice, using nonviolent means such as boycotts, marches, rallies, petitions, voting.
The salt satyagraha — or campaign of nonviolent resistance that began with Gandhi’s march — is a defining example of using escalating, militant and unarmed confrontation to rally public support and effect change. It is also a case in which the use of symbolic demands, at least initially, provoked ridicule and consternation.
India would see some campaigns of nonviolent direct action in subsequent decades — including the Chipko movement for forest conservation, which started in the s.
Yet these newer efforts would be much smaller than the major satyagrahas of Gandhi’s time.
Krishnalal Shridharani’s War without Violence was a valuable exposition of the methods of nonviolent direct action. He was sharply critical of Western bourgeois pacifism, and emphasized that satyagraha was as much a method of struggle as of persuasion.
"Nonviolent direct action" is also sometimes referred to as "nonviolent conflict." Please also refer to the collection of online articles by Mohandas K. Gandhi and other resources at the Gandhi Museum and Library in Mumbai.
Also see Carter, Clark, and Randle's extensive online bibliography A Guide to Civil Resistance and other resources on that site.
The Power of Nonviolent Direct Action Nonviolent direct action is known by many names. Gandhi called it satyagraha (truth or soul force).
Henry Thoreau called it civil disobedience.
Activists in North Philadelphia that view of society everyone below has to follow orders or face consequences: such as.