Communication and decision making in these situations require a complex integration of relevant conceptual knowledge of ethical implications, the principle of surrogate decision making, and legal considerations; and communication skills that address the highly charged emotional issues under discussion. Increasingly, medical and lay communities have called for patients to establish advance directives for medical and end-of-life decisions, including a living will, designation of a proxy with durable power-of-attorney, or a medical directive established with a physician.
This course consists of procedures of physical and neurological examination; providing an understanding of the methods used in making physical diagnosis. Students will be able to recognize pathological indicators and biochemical pathways to better correlate the basic science of pathology with physical diagnosis and disorders related to nutrition.
This course is a review of the basic sciences focusing on chemistry, microbiology and human biology. Includes an overview of the basic structures of organic molecules sufficient to understand the structure of chemical compounds studied in human chemistry.
This course prepares students for courses in physiology, pathology and other western clinical sciences. This directed learning paper develops additional competencies in basic sciences. Five pathological disorders from different systems are assigned. This class concentrates on the processes involved with taking in and utilizing food substances by which growth, repair and maintenance of activities in the body as a whole or in any of its parts are accomplished.
This includes ingestion, digestion, absorption and metabolism, as well as, basic nutritional needs and the use of vitamins, minerals and supplements. This class includes topics in neuroanatomy and neurophysiology.
Mechanisms of the nervous system are covered as related to the scientific basis of Acupuncture and its application to the treatment of disease. Students in this class gain the ability to explain the mechanisms of Acupuncture in modern medical terms.
Communication skills between Acupuncturists and Medical professionals are stressed. Students continue to practice needle insertion with combinations of points that would be used in treatment.
There is emphasis on safety with difficult points and more complex point prescriptions. Students review the anatomical structures through which needles pass at progressive depths of the body. This includes proper insertion, angle, depth, duration and withdrawl of needles.
At the beginning of the second year, students begin developing needle insertion skills.
Shared decision-making in medicine (SDM) is a process in which both the patient and physician contribute to the medical decision-making torosgazete.com care providers explain treatments and alternatives to patients and help them choose the treatment option that best aligns with their preferences as well as their unique cultural and personal beliefs. Because advance directives are not yet the norm, end-of-life decisions for patients without medical decision-making capacity are made regularly within discussions between the patient’s physician. Ethical choices, both minor and major, confront us everyday in the provision of health care for persons with diverse values living in a pluralistic and multicultural society. In the face of such diversity, where can we find moral action guides when there is confusion or conflict about what ought to.
Students receive intensive instruction in techniques of clean needle insertion as approved by current national standards. This course helps students develop their skills in organization and analysis of presenting symptoms.
The clinic review class includes evaluation of the physical and psychological components of an illness and specific treatment strategies. This class covers the basis of treatment using the eight principle and secondary vessel pathology. Students learn to formulate a treatment using the information gathered from pulse and tongue diagnosis.
Practical use of classical point categories such as antique points, influential points and windows of the sky points in the treatment of eight principle disease patterns will be covered.
It is in this class that the prior three quarter of TCM theory begin to flower and faculty can see the "light bulb go on", as students get a sense of how well the TCM theory fits together. At this point, students are beginning their next phase of clinic and now have responsibility of using this information in a clinical setting.
A continuation of Anatomy 1, this course is an in-depth study of visceral structure and physiologic function of the human body. This course is an in-depth study of the somatic structure of the human body: There is attention given to the palpatory anatomy that will be needed for Point Location and Needle Technique classes.
In this course, students are oriented to the procedures and protocol needed to successfully complete internship. Physical assessment skills needed in the practice of Oriental Medicine are covered including: This course includes discussion that brings up pertinent issues in healthcare practice and examines the approach taken by a counselor.
It focuses on ethical decision-making and the patient practitioner relationship. The directed learning paper traces the development of Chinese medicine including: It gives students a respect for the ancient traditions from which the modern, clinical practice of TCM developed.
The moral and ethical principles that are the core of the teachings of Confucius and Lao Tzu are taught in a manner that can be applied in present day.
The influence of these schools on the development of Chinese medicine is stressed in this course. This course continues massage techniques to regions of the body for local and systemic problem. Good Tui Na technique combined with accessory techniques is an important adjunct to an acupuncture practice.
Tui Na is a form of Chinese massage that includes different hand techniques applied to specific areas of the body.Medical caretakers have an ethical and legal duty to advocate for the best interests of the child when parental decisions are potentially dangerous to the child's health, imprudent, neglectful, or abusive.
Good discussions on ethics are often driven by situations that challenge our abilities to determine the right thing to do, carry out effective ethical action, or lay out an effective strategy for avoiding ethical obstacles in the future.
Bioethics and Medical ethics: Moral Development and Decision-Making. Moral Education. Ethics at USC. Making good ethical decisions requires a trained sensitivity to ethical issues and a practiced method for exploring the ethical aspects of a decision and weighing the considerations that should impact our choice of a course of action.
How People Avoid Making Serious Decisions In The Histories, written in B.C., Herodotus makes the following statement: "If an important decision is to be made [the Persians] discuss the question when they are drunk and the following day the master of the house submits their decision for reconsideration when they are sober.
There is much discussion on medical ethics literature regarding the importance of the patients' right for self-determination. We discuss some of the limitations of patient's autonomy with the aim to draw attention to the ethical complexity of medical decision making in the everyday clinical practice.
ethical decision making: return to duty The participants in the first panel discussion considered a case study of ethical challenges to physicians charged with recommending whether to return a sick or injured servicemember to combat (or other fields of duty) (Box 1).