On average, women tend to behave more submissively than men.
Chinese Embassies Study: Gender Inequality Serious in Rural Areas Gender inequality still exists in China, especially in poverty-stricken rural areas, a recent national study on gender assessment learned. Professor Li Xiaoyun of the College of Humanities and Development at China Agricultural University said on Tuesday that although the status of Chinese women has improved greatly in the past two decades, gender inequality still commonly exists in almost all social aspects including political power, education, health, employment and assets possession.
Li made the comments in Beijing at a workshop on gender and poverty in China. A study group led by Li earlier this year surveyed 10 villages in the poorest rural areas including Sichuan, Gansu, Shaanxi and Jiangxi provinces, as well as the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.
More important is that women were not nominated in the election process. Jointly funded by the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, the study is part of a one-year study on gender assessment in China that was launched in October last year.
More measures are expected, in order to reduce the gender gap and enhance gender awareness among policy-makers, development project planners and practitioners, said Shireen Lateef, principal gender specialist for the bank. Women also have less decision-making power at home and less chance of receiving education, nutrition and health care, the survey's results indicated.
For example, Wang Xiulian, a year-old resident of Xingmin Village in Ningxia with no formal education, has to work long hours in the vegetable greenhouse, which has made her suffer from severe asthma.
Wang's husband, who has a senior middle school education, is mainly responsible for herding sheep. The study also found that the prevalence of illness rates in rural women is 5 per cent higher than in rural men.
In the villages surveyed, about 60 per cent of women suffered from a long-term illness, and twice as many doctor visits were made by women compared with men. Long work hours and poor nutrition and care after childbirth are blamed as the two main reasons why women's illness rates are higher.
In Houhe Village, Sichuan Province, more than 70 per cent of women suffer from gynaecological illnesses. Many of the women who have died of hysteritis in Panzhuang Village in Shaanxi in recent years were in their 30s.
While men try to find jobs that pay more substantially, most farm work in recent years has fallen to women, meaning that they are doing housework in addition to their labours outside, the survey found. Guo Ju, 55, a resident of Xiaowang Village in Gansu Province who cannot read or write, cooks, washes and cleans after finishing her day's work on the farm.
Guo's husband herds cows, and their four children have left home to work in cities. Guo had a quarrel with her husband during the wheat harvesting recently. She said.Full text of "ERIC ED Ten Years [of] GASAT (Gender and Science and Technology) Activities in a Changing Europe.
Contributions to and Proceedings of the East and West European Conference (3rd, Geldrop, The Netherlands, October , ). gender inequality during China’s economic transformation through a careful examination of three areas: employment opportunities, income and unpaid labor.
From a gender perspective, it makes valuable policy recommendations to promote gender equality for China’s future economic and social development.
Women’s rights are human rights. Apr 11, · Browse Gender inequality news, research and analysis from The Conversation The map will help uncover real experiences of gender inequality in public places, from sports facilities to public.
On a global scale, gender inequality in China is relatively low. In , China ranked 40th out of countries in the United Nations Development Programme 's Gender .
Chinese People’s Perceptions of Gender Inequality gender-role expectations produce gendered resources to both wives and husbands. These expectations release both (World Bank 7).
Despite the efforts to disseminate the laws by the All China Womens Federation (AWF), many are still unaware of their rights, especially poor, . The report related to the survey claims that 'One of the most common expectations of the women interviewed was for the police to take more effective measures and impose more appropriate punishments on the perpetrators of sexual harassment.' For Disaster Risk Reduction in Pakistan.
Challenges to Women's Rights and Gender Equality in China.