By the end of the decade, half of these businesses had failed, though certain successful categories of online business had been demonstrated, and… Although in the vernacular e-commerce usually refers only to the trading of goods and services over the Internetbroader economic activity is included. E-commerce consists of business-to-consumer and business-to-business commerce as well as internal organizational transactions that support those activities. E-commerce originated in a standard for the exchange of business documents, such as orders or invoices, between suppliers and their business customers. Those origins date to the —49 Berlin blockade and airlift with a system of ordering goods primarily via telex.
Producers and traditional commerce wholesalers typically operate with this type of electronic commerce. Business-to-Consumer B2C The Business-to-Consumer type of e-commerce is distinguished by the establishment of electronic business relationships between businesses and final consumers.
It corresponds to the retail section of e-commerce, where traditional retail trade normally operates.
These types of relationships can be easier and more dynamic, but also more sporadic or discontinued. This type of commerce has developed greatly, due to the advent of the web, and there are already many virtual stores and malls on the Internet, which sell all kinds of consumer goods, such as computers, software, books, shoescars, food, financial products, digital publications, etc.
Generally, these transactions are conducted through a third party, which provides the online platform where the transactions are actually carried out.
This type of e-commerce is very common in crowdsourcing based projects. A large number of individuals make their services or products available for purchase for companies seeking precisely these types of services or products. Examples of such E commerce activities are the sites where designers present several proposals for a company logo and where only one of them is selected and effectively purchased.
Another platform that is very common in this type of commerce are the markets that sell royalty-free photographs, images, media and design elements, such as iStockphoto. Business-to-Administration B2A This part of e-commerce encompasses all transactions conducted online between companies and public administration.
This is an area that involves a large amount and a variety of services, particularly in areas such as fiscal, social security, employment, legal documents and registers, etc. These types of services have increased considerably in recent years with investments made in e-government.
Consumer-to-Administration C2A The Consumer-to-Administration model encompasses all electronic transactions conducted between individuals and public administration. Examples of applications include: Education — disseminating information, distance learning, etc.
Social Security — through the distribution of information, making payments, etc. Taxes — filing tax returns, payments, etc. Health — appointments, information about illnesses, payment of health services, etc. Both models involving Public Administration B2A and C2A are strongly associated to the idea of efficiency and easy usability of the services provided to citizens by the government, with the support of information and communication technologies.
Advantages of e-commerce The main advantage of e-commerce is its ability to reach a global market, without necessarily implying a large financial investment. The limits of this type of commerce are not defined geographically, which allows consumers to make a global choice, obtain the necessary information and compare offers from all potential suppliers, regardless of their locations.
By allowing direct interaction with the final consumer, e-commerce shortens the product distribution chain, sometimes even eliminating it completely. This way, a direct channel between the producer or service provider and the final user is created, enabling them to offer products and services that suit the individual preferences of the target market.
E-commerce allows suppliers to be closer to their customers, resulting in increased productivity and competitiveness for companies; as a result, the consumer is benefited with an improvement in quality service, resulting in greater proximity, as well as a more efficient pre and post-sales support.
With these new forms of electronic commerce, consumers now have virtual stores that are open 24 hours a day. Cost reduction is another very important advantage normally associated with electronic commerce.
The more trivial a particular business process is, the greater the likelihood of its success, resulting in a significant reduction of transaction costs and, of course, of the prices charged to customers.
Disadvantages of e-commerce The main disadvantages associated with e-commerce are the following:The MSc in Electronic Commerce and Internet Computing programme at the University of Hong Kong is a master degree level programme designed to bridge business and information technology.
C2B (consumer to business) – In C2B e-commerce, consumers post a project with a set budget online, and companies bid on the project. The consumer reviews the bids and selects the company.
M-commerce is a type of e-commerce on the rise that features online sales transactions made via mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets. M-commerce includes mobile shopping, mobile banking and mobile payments.
Internet Retailer reported that mobile accounted for 30% of all the U.S. e-commerce activities in Survey Description Retail e-commerce sales are estimated from the same sample used for the Monthly Retail Trade Survey (MRTS) to estimate preliminary and final U.S.
retail sales. The time traveler from was astounded to see that in , society had moved almost entirely to electronic commerce, leaving the paper trail of his era as extinct as the dinosaurs.
E-commerce is the activity of buying or selling of products on online services or over the torosgazete.comonic commerce draws on technologies such as mobile commerce, electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, Internet marketing, online transaction processing, electronic data interchange (EDI), inventory management systems, and automated data collection systems.